Basic Car Parts

Granted – it’s difficult to know and understand every single vehicle component under your hood. However, there are a few basic car parts that you really should understand.

Between 2015 and 2016 there was more than 25,000 breakdowns on the M1 alone that resulted in an emergency breakdown service being called – let’s be honest, not every one of those callouts is going to have roadside breakdown cover.

You Should Know Common Basic Car Parts

Understanding the basic car parts could put you in a far greater position should you ever need roadside recovery. We have written this article based around the common basic vehicle parts, explaining what they do to help you out.

Check it out; we’re going to cover all of the following car parts:

  • Batteries
  • Axles
  • Brakes
  • Clutch
  • Engine Fan

Understanding Car Batteries

Car batteries are a common failure for everyday vehicles. Fortunately, they are easily replaced or repaired, generally costing anywhere between £35, rising all the way up to £150+.

The prices depend entirely on the vehicle and its age.

What is the battery used for?

The main purpose of the car battery is to provide power and start the engine. However, should the battery run low of stored power, the vehicles electrical devices such as screens, warning lights and the general display will be powered by the alternator.

Traditionally the batteries biggest downfall is heat. If there is an excessive amount of heat it can cause the battery to corrode internally.

As it’s one of the basic car parts that can be purchased directly from local stores, you’re able to replace them yourself. However, we do advise that you consult a garage that specialises in car battery replacements in Milton Keynes.

Car Front Wheel

Car Axles

Any vehicle with wheels has axles.

You can be forgiven for assuming that axles are solely responsible for steering and positioning. However, that isn’t the case. Your cars axles have a number of responsibilities that include steering, driving and even braking.

… Basically, they are responsible for almost every aspect of driving.

Although they are a basic car part and built to be rather robust – axles do get damaged due to the sheer amount of weight that they have to consistently carry. A broken axle is no joke and should be repaired as quickly as possible.

We have thought of these general signs of a damaged car axle:

  • Clunking sounds when you are changing or shifting into gear
  • Constant vibrations when driving, steering or braking
  • Vehicle sounds “fine” but doesn’t move

Brakes and Braking Systems

A cars braking system traditionally has two key components. They are the brake disc and pads.

The role of the vehicles brakes is to significantly slow down the speed in which the vehicle is moving. These pads and discs combine to absorb the energy produced by wheels and axles to prevent the rotating motion.

These are your usual “warning signs” for a faulty braking system. Like any basic car parts, these will need to be assessed if there is ever an issue:

  • Brake warning light appears
  • Grinding, squeaking or squealing noises when braking
  • Vibration when braking
  • You notice leaking brake fluid
  • Brake pedal seems soft and “spongy”

Of course, each vehicle will have different types of components. For example, a BMW will have specific German manufactured parts. It’s advised that you take that type of vehicle to a garage that specialises in BMW servicing in Milton Keynes.

Your Clutch

Your vehicles clutch does a lot more than just assist with changing gears.

The clutch is responsible for transmitting engine power to the gearbox, which in turn allows you to start moving from a standing start. If you car is moving when power is applied, your clutch will be considered as “engaged”.

However, if your vehicle is stationary it will remain disengaged.

If you notice any of the following points, consider taking your car to a local garage and getting it checked out ASAP:

  • Burning smell when in use
  • Hard work when changing gear and engaging the clutch
  • Your clutches biting point is higher than usual

Garages that specialise in car servicing in Milton Keynes will be able to complete an assessment and diagnose any faults with your vehicle.

Car Clutch Fitting

Engine Fan

The engine fan does exactly what its name suggests as a basic car part.

Its primary role is to exchange the heat that builds up within the cars engine when it is in motion. It spreads the heat evenly to prevent the engine overheating and causing damages.

Engine fans can sometime be misunderstood as radiator fans (a separate component that does a similar job). However the engine fan does not work by itself – it is part of the overall cooling system built into the car.

There are a number of things that you can look out for if you suspect that your vehicle may have a damaged engine fan:

  • If the cooling fans do not generate and start to spin
  • Your vehicle is overheating on a regular basis
  • The fans circuit fuse has blown

As we have mentioned previously (and with all of the basic components that we have discussed) if you suspect that your vehicle is overheating regularly, have a local mechanic run a diagnostic check on it.

The sooner that they are able to diagnose the fault; the quicker they will be able to complete a repair. Alternatively, this common fault could be identified during a routine MOT in Milton Keynes.


As with any vehicle fault it’s important that you take action sooner rather than later. The longer you leave the car untreated, the greater room there is for additional damages and more expensive repairs.

Only ever use local garages that you trust. If you have been fortunate enough to never need a mechanic (highly unlikely) try asking friends or family members for recommendations.

Alternatively, you can check popular review sites such as Google, Trust Pilot and even Facebook.

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